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The Inception aims to develop a core structure to mobilize data resources, numerical sciences, and fundamental experimental biology in various health issues (Official website here:

The inception program uses Integrative Biology, Social Science and Data Science to understand the Emergence of Diseases in Populations and in Individuals,  gathering different fields of expertise (biology, medicine, computer science, mathematics, statistics, physics, and social sciences). It addresses societal challenges related to diseases emergence:

  • Global surveillance and monitoring
  • Multi-scale analyses, integrating the ecosystem
  • Social sphere to define health policies
  • New methodological approaches to make sense of big biological data


The Inception’s core group is hosted at the Institut Pasteur, Paris. It stems from existing projects and structures on the campus, among which the four transversal Centers: the Center for Bioinformatics, Biostatistics and Integrative Biology (C3BI), the Center for Innovation and Technological Research (Citech), the Center for Global Health (CGH), and the Center for Translational Research (CRT). Besides, LabExs of Institut Pasteur, the PIBnet project, the NRCs (15 hosted at the Institut Pasteur in Paris), and CIBU are data providers to the IP Centers and laboratories in the framework of Inception.

The solid scientific network that constitutes Inception involves partnerships with academic institutions: the CNRS and the National Center for Genotyping (CNG, Labex GenMed) are in charge, respectively of methodological developments and data acquisition. The Paris Sciences et Lettres research university (PSL) the Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), and the Frontières du Vivant (FdV) doctoral school will be key players in the Inception education workplan to develop courses in numerical sciences, modelling, data analysis, and social sciences.

Partnerships with Paris 7 SPHère laboratory (Sciences, Philosophie, Histoire – UMR 7219) will allow the implementation of social sciences in the Inception framework, developing a strong program for the study of social, cultural and political aspects of life sciences and medicine.

Program Outline

Inception is addressing the paradigm shift of modern Biology by fostering an effective crosstalk between three distinct disciplines:

  • Computer Science and Data Science to develop modern modelling approaches, ensure the efficient management of the massive data generated by high-throughput technologies, and allow for their exploitation and biological interpretation.
  • Integrative Biology to study human pathologies and collect biological Big Data related to pathologies and pathogens from the molecular level to cells, organs, and organisms, considering the multiplicity of environmental determinants and interactions.
  • Social Sciences to address human contributions to emerging diseases and fundamental ethical and social concerns raised by Integrative Biology and Data science.


 Fig 1.  Inception Outline

The scientific project is divided into four axes. The first axis, “Methods for Integrative Biology”, comprises a range of mathematics, statistics, and computer science domains to be mobilized and developed. Their common objective is to enable the study of the emergence of diseases in populations (second axis), but also within individuals (third axis). These two scales of investigation are increasingly linked, for example, using concepts and tools from evolutionary biology. Lastly, the fourth axis involves Social Sciences, in which Inception gives an influential role to understand and predict the development of epidemics and build consistent health policies over the long term.


Fig 2.  Inception Disciplines & Methods

Inception Actions Plan For Interdisciplinary Research

To launch the Annual Call for Research

  • Hiring Junior Group Leaders
  • Funding Research Proposals, including support for post-doctoral researchers’ positions

To implement Graduate Multidisciplinary Education Program at the interfaces of Life Sciences, and provide training opportunities for the next generation of researchers

  • Training of Biologists in data analysis sciences, and conversely, computer scientists and mathematicians in biology
  • Strengthen the Integrative Biology component of the Institut Pasteur’s Master’s and PhD courses in partnerships with PSL
  • Set up a mandatory Master 2 level course in Computer Science and Statistics, targeting all PhD and postdoctoral researchers
  • Launch a dedicated PhD program, in partnership with the European Interdisciplinary graduate school Frontières du vivant (FdV) and other major doctoral schools in Life sciences
  • Support PhD students to be trained for multidisciplinary research in biology through specific allocated funding: students  with a solid initial background in mathematics, statistics and computer science will be highly selected
  • Give access to Pasteur-CNAM Master specialization in Public Health (
  • Set up Summer’s School
  • Develop Online new open education MOOCs programs
  • Encouraging multidisciplinary links with medicine through specific programs (
  • Promote entrepreneurship through the joint course entitled Development of Research and biomedical innovation, in coordination with AP-HP and Medicen

More information here:

Steering Committee



Funded Projects


D2I Research Project, 2020 call: 

  • Andrew Holtz (PhD Fellow) – Hervé Bourhy (IP) & Anna Zhukova (IP)
  • Maria Lopopolo (PhD Fellow) – Nicolas Rascovan (IP) & Lluis Quintana-Murci (IP)
  • Cantin Ortiz (PhD Fellow) Christoph Schmidt-Hieber (IP) & Uwe Maskos (IP)
  • Viktoriia Gruss (PhD Fellow) Grégory Batt (IP) & Imane El-Meouche (IAME, INSERM/APHP)

P2I Research Project, 2020 call: 

  • Integrative genetics and brain research on autism/ neurodevelopmental disorders in France. Thomas Bourgeron (IP), Richard Delorme (AP-HP) and Jean-François Deleuze (CEA).
  • Multidisciplinary characterization of double-strand break repair at the single-cell level. Guy-Franck Richard (IP) & Charles Baroud (IP).
  • Artificial intelligence for antibiotic drugs (AI4AB). Ivo Gomperts Boneca (IP) Nathalie Aulner (IP), Spencer Shorte (IP), Soojin Jang (IP Korea), and Christophe Zimmer (IP)



D2I Research Project, 2019 call : 

  • Vincent Mallet (PhD Fellow) – Michael Nilges (IP) & Jean-Philippe Vert (MINES ParisTech)
  • Armin Shoushtarizadeh (PhD Fellow) – Thomas Gregor (IP) & Pablo Navarro-Gil (IP)
  • Chiara Figazzolo (PhD Fellow) – Marcel Hollenstein (IP) & Paola Arimondo (IP)
  • Mariana Gonzalez (PhD Fellow) – Arnaud Blondel (IP) & Pierre-Jean Corringer (IP)

P2I Research Project, 2019 call : 

  • Identifying Tunneling Nanotube-like Structures in the Developing Cerebellum. Chiara Zurzolo (IP)  &  Jean-Baptiste Masson (IP).
  • Path2Resistance: Deciphering evolutionary trajectories to characterize emergence and dissemination of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli. Eduardo Rocha (IP), Philippe Glaser (IP), Amaury Lambert (CIRB, Collège de France), and Guillaume Achaz (CIRB, Collège de France).
  • Computational analysis of 3D cell architecture: application in quantifying myocardium orientation at the cellular and tissue levels. Sigolène Meilhac (IP/Institut Imagine) & Jean-Christophe Olivo-Marin (IP) (proof of concept project)
  • Aptamer labeling as a strategy to determine the structure of macromolecular assemblies. Marcel Hollenstein (IP), Ricardo Pellarin (IP), Eric Durand (Inserm) ((proof of concept project).

P2I Research Project, call 2018 : Machine learning to get at the heart of diagnostic cardiology Sigolène Meilhac, G5 (IP/Imagine), Timothy Wai, G5 (IP), Christophe Zimmer Unit (IP), Francesca Raimondi (APHP/INSERM). P2I Research Project, call 2018 : HOST AND BACTERIAL FACTORS INVOLVED IN INVASIVE LISTERIOSIS Marc Lecuit Unit (IP/INSERM), Lluis Quintana Unit (IP/CNRS), Hugues Aschard, G5 (IP). G5 Research Project, call 2018 : Sequence Bioinformatics Rayan Chikhi.


D2I Research Project, call 2018 : Marie Morel (PhD Fellow) – Olivier Gascuel Unit, Etienne Simon Loriere G5 (IP). D2I Research Project, call 2018 : Robin Chalumeau (PhD Fellow) – Jean-Christophe Olivo-Marin Unit, Jost Eninnga Unit (IP).


G5 Research Project, call 2017 : Evolutionary genomics of RNA viruses Etienne Simon-Loriere. D2I Research Project, call 2017 : Jérémy CHOIN (PhD Fellow) – Lluis Quintana Unit, Antoine Gessain Unit (IP). D2I Research Project, call 2017 : Jonathan Bastard (PhD fellow) – Lulla Opatowski (Didier Guillemot Unit, IP), Laura Temime (Cnam). P2I Research Project, call 2017 : Understanding whooping cough resurgence in Europe by combining genomic, epidemiological and sociological approaches Sylvain Brisse, Simon Cauchemez. P2I Research Project, call 2017 : Microbial and viral circulations among people and wild and domesticated animals in an ecotone, Democratic Republic of Congo (MICROTONE) IP: Tamara Giles-Vernick, Sean Kennedy, Etienne Simon-Lorière, Victor Narat, Romain Duda (postdoc fellow) Université Paris-Diderot : Guillaume Lachenal.


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