Antibodies in Therapy & Pathology (INSERM U.1222): from Allergy & Autoimmunity to Cancer Immunotherapy
Antibodies are key effectors of the immune system. They are responsible for disease induction (autoimmunity, allergy) and can be protecting from or facilitating infections and tumors. Antibodies do not exert by themselves, however, biological functions: these are mainly mediated by antibody receptors (FcRs).
- Decipher the role of human antibodies, human antibody receptors (FcRs) and the cells expressing them during therapy and in the induction of pathologies.
- Establish high-throughput plasma cell selection using droplet microfluidics to generate the “anatomical map” of antigen-specific plasma cells, and demonstrate the pathogenic nature of antibodies in specific diseases (collaboration with ESPCI-ParisTech and HiFiBio)
- How antibodies and their receptors induce/regulate autoimmune and allergic diseases is addressed using on one hand models of rheumatoid arthritis and anaphylaxis (allergic shock) in humanized mice and, on the other hand through clinical studies (NASA; PlanA).
- How antibodies and their receptors participate in passive antibody therapy is addressed using human tumor xenografts in immunodeficient mice bearing human FcRs.
In most projects, we aim at identifying the cell population(s) responsible for antibody-mediated effects, and decipher the mechanism behind their contribution to therapy or pathology. To enhance the clinical relevance of our studies in mice, we have generated “humanized” mouse models expressing human FcRs in the presence of human antibodies. Our recent focus has been on FcR-expressing myeloid cells, in particular neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages, that we extend now to platelets and their interaction with neutrophils, and to mast cells.
Altogether, our research, integrating fundamental, clinical and industry-driven approaches, aims at elucidating the role of antibodies, their receptors and the cells expressing them in major disease and therapy models and, hopefully, propose novel therapeutic solutions in antibody-based therapies.
- Identification of the differential pathways of anaphylaxis induced by the three main IgG subclasses in mice -IgG1, IgG2a and IgG2b – (Beutier H, et al; J Aller Clin Imm 2017)
- Description of the mechanisms of anaphylaxis induction in human low-affinity IgG receptor locus knock-in mice & first description of hFcgRI-hFcgRIIA(H131)-hFcgRIIB-hFcgRIIIA(V158)-hFcgRIIIB(NA2) knock-in mice (Gillis CM, et al; J Aller Clin Imm 2017)
- A novel adjuvant-free model of anaphylaxis identifying Mast Cell- and Monocyte/Macrophage-contributions (Balbino B, et al; J Aller Clin Imm 2017)
- A unique mouse model that demonstrates the particularly restricted in vivo effector functions of the high-affinity mouse IgG receptor FcγRI in disease and therapy models (Gillis CM, et al; J Autoimmun 2016).
- Comprehensive review on human and mouse IgG receptor function (Jönsson J, et al; Imm Rev 2015)
Identification of neutrophils as the cell population responsible for anti-tumor immunotherapy of solid tumors (Albanesi et al, Blood 2013).