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Scientific Fields
Diseases
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Published in The Journal of infectious diseases - 31 Jul 2013

Angebault C, Djossou F, Abélanet S, Permal E, Ben Soltana M, Diancourt L, Bouchier C, Woerther PL, Catzeflis F, Andremont A, d'Enfert C, Bougnoux ME

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 23904289

J. Infect. Dis. 2013 Nov;208(10):1705-16

In industrialized countries Candida albicans is considered the predominant commensal yeast of the human intestine, with approximately 40% prevalence in healthy adults. We discovered a highly original colonization pattern that challenges this current perception by studying in a 4- year interval a cohort of 151 Amerindians living in a remote community (French Guiana), and animals from their environment. The prevalence of C. albicans was persistently low (3% and 7% of yeast carriers). By contrast, Candida krusei and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were detected in over 30% of carriers. We showed that C. krusei and S. cerevisiae carriage was of food or environmental origin, whereas C. albicans carriage was associated with specific risk factors (being female and living in a crowded household). We also showed using whole-genome sequence comparison that C. albicans strains can persist in the intestinal tract of a healthy individual over a 4-year period.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23904289