Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35836927
Link to DOI – 10.3389/fmolb.2022.923740
Front Mol Biosci 2022 ; 9(): 923740
Hearing relies on the transduction of sound-evoked vibrations into electrical signals, occurring in the stereocilia bundle of inner ear hair cells. The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ADGRV1 and the multi-PDZ protein PDZD7 play a critical role in the formation and function of stereocilia through their scaffolding and signaling properties. During hair cell development, the GPCR activity of ADGRV1 is specifically inhibited by PDZD7 through an unknown mechanism. Here, we describe the key interactions mediated by the two N-terminal PDZ domains of PDZD7 and the cytoplasmic domain of ADGRV1. Both PDZ domains can bind to the C-terminal PDZ binding motif (PBM) of ADGRV1 with the critical contribution of atypical C-terminal β extensions. The two PDZ domains form a supramodule in solution, stabilized upon PBM binding. Interestingly, we showed that the stability and binding properties of the PDZ tandem are affected by two deafness-causing mutations located in the binding grooves of PDZD7 PDZ domains.