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© Bruno Dupuy, Claire Morvan, Institut Pasteur
Cellules végétative et spores de Clostridioides difficile / Vegative cells and spores of Clostridioides difficile
Publication : Infection and immunity

The Ser/Thr kinase PrkC participates in cell wall homeostasis and antimicrobial resistance in

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Infection and immunity - 13 May 2019

Cuenot E, Garcia-Garcia T, Douche T, Gorgette O, Courtin P, Denis-Quanquin S, Hoys S, Tremblay YDN, Matondo M, Chapot-Chartier MP, Janoir C, Dupuy B, Candela T, Martin-Verstraete I

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31085703

Infect. Immun. 2019 May;

is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in adults. During infection, must detect the host environment and induce an appropriate survival strategy. Signal transduction networks involving serine/threonine kinases (STKs) play key roles in adaptation, as they regulate numerous physiological processes. PrkC of is a STK with two PASTA domains. We showed that PrkC is membrane associated and is found at the septum. We observed that deletion of affects cell morphology with an increase in mean size, cell length heterogeneity, and presence of abnormal septa. When compared with the wild-type strain, a Δ mutant was able to sporulate and germinate but was less motile and formed more biofilm. Moreover, a Δ mutant was more sensitive to antimicrobial compounds that target the cell envelope such as the secondary bile salt deoxycholate, cephalosporins, cationic antimicrobial peptides, and lysozyme. This increased susceptibility was not associated with differences in peptidoglycan or polysaccharide II composition. However, the Δ mutant had less peptidoglycan and released more polysaccharide II into the supernatant. A proteomic analysis showed that the majority of proteins associated with the cell wall were less abundant in the Δ mutant compared to the wild-type strain. Finally, in a hamster model of infection the Δ mutant had a colonization delay that did not significantly affect overall virulence.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31085703