Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35152545
Link to DOI – 10.1111/febs.16393
FEBS J 2022 Feb; ():
Tuberculosis claims significantly more than one million lives each year. A feasible way to face the issue of drug resistance is the development of new antibiotics. Bacterial uridine 5′-monophosphate (UMP) kinase is a promising target for novel antibiotic discovery as it is essential for bacterial survival and has no counterpart in human cells. The UMP kinase from M. tuberculosis is also a model of particular interest for allosteric regulation with two effectors, GTP (positive) and UTP (negative). In this study, using X-ray crystallography and cryo-electron microscopy, we report for the first time a detailed description of the negative effector UTP binding site of a typical Gram-positive behaving UMP kinase. Comparison between this snapshot of low affinity for Mg-ATP with our previous 3D-structure of the GTP-bound complex of high affinity for Mg-ATP led to a better understanding of the cooperative mechanism and the allosteric regulation of UMP kinase. Thermal shift assay and circular dichroism experiments corroborate our model of an inhibition by UTP linked to higher flexibility of the Mg-ATP binding domain. These new structural insights provide valuable knowledge for future drug discovery strategies targeting bacterial UMP kinases.