SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEES AND ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
Professor at College de France, Chair of Genetics and cellular physiology
Professor “Classe exceptionnelle” at Institut Pasteur, laboratory of Genetics and Physiology of Hearing
Head of Inserm UMRS1120, Pierre et Marie Curie Université (UPMC), Paris
Member of the Orientation Committee of Palais de la Découverte (COPADE) (2014-)
Board of scientific advisors of Institut Pasteur (2013- )
Member of the Orientation Committee of Musée de l’Homme (2012- )
Board of Directors of Minna-James-Heineman Foundation, Germany (2011- )
Member of the Scientific Council of Louis-Jeantet Foundation (2011- )
Member of the COP (Comité d’orientation et de prospective) of UPMC-Paris VI (2011- )
Advisory Committee Member of International Society of Translational Medicine, Beijing, China (2009- )
Member of the COSP (Conseil d’Orientation Scientifique et Pédagogique) of PRES (Pôle de Recherche et d’Enseignement Supérieur) “Sorbonne Paris Cité” (2010- )
Board of the Scientific Council of CEA (Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique) (2008- )
Board of the Scientific Council of ParisTech (2008- )
Member of the Executive Committee of CTRS/RTRS “Sensory Handicap” – Hearing and Seeing Foundation (2007- )
Board of Directors of Institut Carnot “Seeing and Hearing” (2006- )
Fellow of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, USA (2011)
Fellow of the French Academy of Sciences (2002)
Fellow of the Academia Europaea (1998) Fellow of the European Molecular Biology Organisation (1996)
Christine PETIT graduated in medicine (M.D. from Pierre et Marie Curie University – Paris VI) and in basic biological sciences, genetics and biochemistry, at Orsay University (Paris XI). She received her Ph.D at Institut Pasteur. During her research training, she studied microbial genetics with Gunnar Lindhal and François Jacob, cell genetics, human genetics with Jean Weissenbach and Pierre Tiollais, and immunology.
In 2002, she was appointed Professor at College de France where she holds the chair of “Genetics and Cellular Physiology”. She is currently the head of the “Genetics and Physiology of Hearing laboratory” (Inserm Unit UMRS 1120) at Institut Pasteur.
Through her work on the structure of the human genome, Christine Petit elucidated the origin of sex inversion in humans, which results in XX males and XY females. She then focused on the sensory systems and attempted to understand the hereditary defects of olfaction and subsequently hearing (and vision, to a lesser extent). After identifying the first gene responsible for a total absence of smell in humans (the X-linked gene responsible for Kallmann syndrome), she developed experimental conditions for the study of hereditary deafness. This approach led to the identification of a large number of deafness-causing genes, most of which are implicated in early forms of deafness. She then elucidated the underlying mechanisms associated with these genes, and classified them into a number of physiopathological categories. She developed an interdisciplinary approach to decipher various aspects of the cellular and molecular basis of acoustic signal processing by the auditory system.
CURRENT RESEARCH FOCUS
The overall aim of Christine Petit’s laboratory is: i) to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying sound processing in the auditory system; ii) to identify defects in these processes that lead to hearing impairment; and (iii) to prevent the occurrence of such defects and treat them. The hair bundle, which plays a central role in sound processing, is a main focus of her research. In particular, she focuses on key aspects of the hair bundle, including understanding how it is built up, how it achieves its elementary functions of mechanotransduction, frequency tuning response and analysis, waveform distortion and suppressive masking, how it ensures the interplay between these activities and how these properties are coupled to the cytoarchitecture of its structure. Her interest in sound processing has since extended to the study of the central auditory system . The neurogenetic approaches established in her laboratory are now being applied to identify genes associated with presbycusis. New insight gained from these advances will foster the development of novel therapeutic approaches.
Professor Christine Petit is delighted to announce the creation of the Hearing Institute which will open in April 2018 in the heart of Paris.
Call for Group Leader positions at the Hearing Institute
The Hearing Institute, an auditory neuroscience research institute, aims to advance our knowledge of auditory signal processing from the sensory organ to the brain, auditory perception and cognition, multisensory and sensorimotor integration, in healthy and pathological conditions. It will do this by bringing together teams of scientists from diverse fields, ranging from biophysics, acoustics, neurobiology, molecular and cellular biology, and genetics, to bioinformatics and computational neuroscience, all highly committed to interdisciplinary research. The Hearing Institute which will be associated with a dedicated clinical center, also aims to develop innovative therapeutic approaches (from engineering solutions to pharmaceutical and biological agents) to hearing and balance disorders.
The Hearing Institute and the nearby Vision Institute will form a campus at the cutting edge in basic sensory neuroscience and related innovations towards patients. It will also enjoy close interactions with Institut Pasteur and the Université Pierre et Marie Curie. The Hearing Institute will house core facilities for electrophysiology, imaging (cell, sensory organ and brain), biochemistry, molecular and cellular biology, bioinformatics, genetics and behavior and will have its own animal housing. Sponsored by Bettencourt-Schueller Foundation and ‘Agir pour l’Audition‘ Foundation and ‘Voir et Entendre’ Foundation, the Hearing Institute will be run under the auspices of Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC-Paris-Sorbonne Universités), the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), Institut Pasteur, the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Collège de France. Various funding opportunities are available. Both senior and junior group leader applications will be considered. Appointments will be made from junior through to senior level, depending on experience. Preference will be given to ambitious objectives addressing major challenges in the abovementioned fields. The deadline for applications is January 15th, 2017. PIs selected by the Hearing Institute Scientific Committee will be contacted directly and invited for interviews in March-April 2017. The Hearing Institute will open in April 2018.
should be sent to Pr. Christine Petit: firstname.lastname@example.org, who can also be contacted for additional information
and to Patty Manent, Executive Secretary: email@example.com
AWARDS AND HONOURS
Foreign member of the National Academy of Sciences – USA (2016)
The Hugh Knowles Prize for Distinguished Achievement in Auditory Science – USA (2015)
The Brain Prize -Grete Lundbeck Foundation – Europe (2012)
Pasarow Medical Research Award “Neuropsychiatry” – USA (2011)
Grand Prix INSERM de la recherche médicale (2007)
Louis-Jeantet for Medicine Prize-Europe (2006)
Bristol-Myers-Squibb “Freedom to Discover” Award in Neuroscience (2005)
Institute for Health Sciences “Research and Medicine” Award (2004)
L’Oreal-UNESCO: “For Women in Science” Award-Europe (2004)
Ernst Jung Preis für Wissenschaft und Forschung: Medizin – Germany (2001)
French Academy of Sciences: Charles-Leopold Mayer Award (1999)
Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite (2011)
Officier de l’Ordre de la Légion d’Honneur (2014)