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© Valérie Choumet
Mosquitoes were orally infected with the chikungunya virus. Midguts were dissected at day 5 post-infection, fixed and permeabilised. Virus is shown in red (anti-E2 protein, cyanine 3), the actin network in green (phalloidin 548) and nuclei in blue (DAPI).
Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in ACS central science - 27 Apr 2022

van der Put RMF, Smitsman C, de Haan A, Hamzink M, Timmermans H, Uittenbogaard J, Westdijk J, Stork M, Ophorst O, Thouron F, Guerreiro C, Sansonetti PJ, Phalipon A, Mulard LA,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35559427

Link to DOI – 10.1021/acscentsci.1c01479

ACS Cent Sci 2022 Apr; 8(4): 449-460

Shigella, the causative agent of shigellosis, is among the main causes of diarrheal diseases with still a high morbidity in low-income countries. Relying on chemical synthesis, we implemented a multidisciplinary strategy to design SF2a-TT15, an original glycoconjugate vaccine candidate targeting Shigella flexneri 2a (SF2a). Whereas the SF2a O-antigen features nonstoichiometric O-acetylation, SF2a-TT15 is made of a synthetic 15mer oligosaccharide, corresponding to three non-O-acetylated repeats, linked at its reducing end to tetanus toxoid by means of a thiol-maleimide spacer. We report on the scale-up feasibility under GMP conditions of a high yielding bioconjugation process established to ensure a reproducible and controllable glycan/protein ratio. Preclinical and clinical batches complying with specifications from ICH guidelines, WHO recommendations for polysaccharide conjugate vaccines, and (non)compendial tests were produced. The obtained SF2a-TT15 vaccine candidate passed all toxicity-related criteria, was immunogenic in rabbits, and elicited bactericidal antibodies in mice. Remarkably, the induced IgG antibodies recognized a large panel of SF2a circulating strains. These preclinical data have paved the way forward to the first-in-human study for SF2a-TT15, demonstrating safety and immunogenicity. This contribution discloses the yet unreported feasibility of the GMP synthesis of conjugate vaccines featuring a unique homogeneous synthetic glycan hapten fine-tuned to protect against an infectious disease.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35559427