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© Research
Publication : Research square

The risk of COVID-19 death is much greater and age-dependent with type I IFN autoantibodies.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Research square - 14 Jan 2022

Manry J, Bastard P, Gervais A, Voyer TL, Rosain J, Philippot Q, Michailidis E, Hoffmann HH, Eto S, Garcia-Prat M, Bizien L, Parra-Martínez A, Yang R, Haljasmägi L, Migaud M, Särekannu K, Maslovskaja J, de Prost N, Tandjaoui-Lambiotte Y, Luyt CE, Amador-Borrero B, Gaudet A, Poissy J, Morel P, Richard P, Cognasse F, Troya J, Trouillet-Assant S, Belot A, Saker K, Garçon P, Rivière JG, Lagier JC, Gentile S, Rosen L, Shaw E, Morio T, Tanaka J, Dalmau D, Tharaux PL, Sene D, Stepanian A, Mégarbane B, Triantafyllia V, Fekkar A, Heath J, Franco J, Anaya JM, Solé-Violán J, Imberti L, Biondi A, Bonfanti P, Castagnoli R, Delmonte O, Zhang Y, Snow A, Holland S, Biggs C, Moncada-Vélez M, Arias A, Lorenzo L, Boucherit S, Anglicheau D, Planas A, Haerynck F, Duvlis S, Nussbaum R, Ozcelik T, Keles S, Bousfiha A, Bakkouri JE, Ramirez-Santana C, Paul S, Pan-Hammarstrom Q, Hammarstrom L, Dupont A, Kurolap A, Metz C, Aiuti A, Casari G, Lampasona V, Ciceri F, Barreiros L, Dominguez-Garrido E, Vidigal M, Zatz M, van de Beek D, Sahanic S, Tancevski I, Stepanovskyy Y, Boyarchuk O, Nukui Y, Tsumura M, Vidaur L, Tangye S, Burrel S, Duffy D, Quintana-Murci L, Klocperk A, Kann N, Shcherbina A, Lau YL, Leung D, Coulongeat M, Marlet J, Koning R, Reyes L, Chauvineau-Grenier A, Venet F, Monneret G, Nussenzweig M, Arrestier R, Boudhabhay I, Baris-Feldman H, Hagin D, Wauters J, Meyts I, Dyer A, Kennelly S, Bourke N, Halwani R, Sharif-Askari F, Dorgham K, Sallette J, Mehlal-Sedkaoui S, AlKhater S, Rigo-Bonnin R, Morandeira F, Roussel L, Vinh D, Erikstrup C, Condino-Neto A, Prando C, Bondarenko A, Spaan A, Gilardin L, Fellay J, Lyonnet S, Bilguvar K, Lifton R, Mane S, Anderson M, Boisson B, Béziat V, Zhang SY, Andreakos E, Hermine O, Pujol A, Peterson P, Mogensen TH, Rowen L, Mond J, Debette S, deLamballerie X, Burdet C, Bouadma L, Zins M, Soler-Palacin P, Colobran R, Gorochov G, Solanich X, Susen S, Martinez-Picado J, Raoult D, Vasse M, Gregersen P, Rodríguez-Gallego C, Piemonti L, Notarangelo L, Su H, Kisand K, Okada S, Puel A, Jouanguy E, Rice C, Tiberghien P, Zhang Q, Casanova JL, Abel L, Cobat A,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35043109

Link to DOI – rs.3.rs-122590610.21203/rs.3.rs-1225906/v1

Res Sq 2022 Jan; ():

SARS-CoV-2 infection fatality rate (IFR) doubles with every five years of age from childhood onward. Circulating autoantibodies neutralizing IFN-α, IFN-ω, and/or IFN-β are found in ~20% of deceased patients across age groups. In the general population, they are found in ~1% of individuals aged 20-70 years and in >4% of those >70 years old. With a sample of 1,261 deceased patients and 34,159 uninfected individuals, we estimated both IFR and relative risk of death (RRD) across age groups for individuals carrying autoantibodies neutralizing type I IFNs, relative to non-carriers. For autoantibodies neutralizing IFN-α2 or IFN-ω, the RRD was 17.0[95% CI:11.7-24.7] for individuals under 70 years old and 5.8[4.5-7.4] for individuals aged 70 and over, whereas, for autoantibodies neutralizing both molecules, the RRD was 188.3[44.8-774.4] and 7.2[5.0-10.3], respectively. IFRs increased with age, from 0.17%[0.12-0.31] for individuals <40 years old to 26.7%[20.3-35.2] for those ≥80 years old for autoantibodies neutralizing IFN-α2 or IFN-ω, and from 0.84%[0.31-8.28] to 40.5%[27.82-61.20] for the same two age groups, for autoantibodies neutralizing both molecules. Autoantibodies against type I IFNs increase IFRs, and are associated with high RRDs, particularly those neutralizing both IFN-α2 and -ω. Remarkably, IFR increases with age, whereas RRD decreases with age. Autoimmunity to type I IFNs appears to be second only to age among common predictors of COVID-19 death.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35043109