Link to DOI – https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2021.823943
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are highly toxic lesions that can be mended via several DNA repair pathways. Multiple factors can influence the choice and the restrictiveness of repair towards a given pathway in order to warrant the maintenance of genome integrity. During V(D)J recombination, RAG-induced DSBs are (almost) exclusively repaired by the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathway for the benefit of antigen receptor gene diversity. Here, we review the various parameters that constrain repair of RAG-generated DSBs to NHEJ, including the peculiarity of DNA DSB ends generated by the RAG nuclease, the establishment and maintenance of a post-cleavage synaptic complex, and the protection of DNA ends against resection and (micro)homology-directed repair. In this physiological context, we highlight that certain DSBs have limited DNA repair pathway choice options.
Figure. Major parameters restricting DNA repair pathway choice to NHEJ during V(D)J recombination.https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fgene.2021.823943/full