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© Giulia Manina, Institut Pasteur
Mycobacterium tuberculosis dual fluorescent reporter of metabolic activity. Green (active bacilli) and red fluorescence (quiescent bacilli) are merged, 100X magnification.
Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in iScience - 20 May 2022

Griego A, Douché T, Gianetto QG, Matondo M, Manina G,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35521527

Link to DOI – 10.1016/j.isci.2022.104233

iScience 2022 May; 25(5): 104233

RNA turnover is a primary source of gene expression variation, in turn promoting cellular adaptation. Mycobacteria leverage reversible mRNA stabilization to endure hostile conditions. Although RNase E is essential for RNA turnover in several species, its role in mycobacterial single-cell physiology and functional phenotypic diversification remains unexplored. Here, by integrating live-single-cell and quantitative-mass-spectrometry approaches, we show that RNase E forms dynamic foci, which are associated with cellular homeostasis and fate, and we discover a versatile molecular interactome. We show a likely interaction between RNase E and the nucleoid-associated protein HupB, which is particularly pronounced during drug treatment and infection, where phenotypic diversity increases. Disruption of RNase E expression affects HupB levels, impairing Mycobacterium tuberculosis growth homeostasis during treatment, intracellular replication, and host spread. Our work lays the foundation for targeting the RNase E and its partner HupB, aiming to undermine M. tuberculosis cellular balance, diversification capacity, and persistence.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35521527