Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21400499
Link to DOI – 10.1002/eji.201040878
Eur J Immunol 2011 Apr; 41(4): 1075-85
IL-22 is a Th17 cytokine that plays a key role in immune responses against extracellular bacteria. In mucosal lymphoid tissues, IL-22 production is mainly due to an IL-23-responsive NK-like cell subset that shares some markers with lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells. Here, we identified a new spleen cell population responsible for IL-22 production upon either in vitro stimulation by anti-CD3 antibodies or in vivo stimulation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via IL-2- and an IL-23-dependent mechanisms, respectively. These cells represent 1% of spleen cells from recombination activating gene (Rag2)-deficient mice, and correspond to a discrete innate lymphoid cell population expressing CD25, CCR6 and IL-7R. This population comprises 60-70% CD4(+) cells, which produce IL-22, and are still present in common γ chain-deficient mice; the CD4(-) subset coexpresses IL-22 and IL-17, and is common γ chain-dependent. The importance of IL-22 production for the LPS-triggered response is highlighted by the fact that IL-22-deficient mice are more resistant to LPS-induced mortality.