Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 30952909
Sci Rep 2019 Apr;9(1):5741
Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are actin-containing membrane protrusions that play an essential role in long-range intercellular communication. They are involved in development of various diseases by allowing transfer of pathogens or protein aggregates as well as organelles such as mitochondria. Increase in TNT formation has been linked to many pathological conditions. Here we show that nM concentrations of tolytoxin, a cyanobacterial macrolide that targets actin by inhibition of its polymerization, significantly decrease the number of TNT-connected cells, as well as transfer of mitochondria and α-synuclein fibrils in two different cell lines of neuronal (SH-SY5Y) and epithelial (SW13) origin. As the cytoskeleton of the tested cell remain preserved, this macrolide could serve as a valuable tool for future therapies against diseases propagated by TNTs.