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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Starting Date
01
Jan 2014
Ending Date
01
Jun 2019
Status
Completed
Members
4
Structures
1
Publications
3

About

In bacteria, it is increasingly recognized that ncRNAs play a critical role in adaptive responses and in various metabolic, physiological and pathogenic processes. In Clostridium difficile, by combining in silico analysis, RNAseq and genome-wide promoter mapping, we identified more than 200 ncRNAs (Soutourina et al, PLos Genetics, 2013). This includes trans riboregulators located in intergenic regions, cis-antisense RNAs, riboswitches (5’-cis-regulatory elements) and CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) RNAs. Since the mechanisms controlling Clostridium difficile infection cycle are complex, the high number of ncRNAs in this pathogen strongly suggested their importance in the control of gene expression. Among the ncRNA identified, we are particularly interested in the riboswitches responding to an important signaling molecule: cyclic-di-guanosyl-5’monophosphate (c-di-GMP). C-di-GMP controls lifestyle switch from free-living motile state to biofilm communities and virulence in bacteria. In contrast to most Gram-positive bacteria, Clostridium difficile encodes a large number of c-di-GMP turnover enzymes (up to 37) suggesting an important role for this molecule. The originality of c-di-GMP-dependent control in Clostridium difficile is the use of RNA molecules as effectors instead of protein effectors found in the majority of bafigure-c-di-GMP-generalcterial systems. We have detected the expression of 16 predicted c-di-GMP-dependent riboswitches that negatively control downstream gene expression by premature termination of transcription or positively modulate target gene translation and demonstrated their functionality (Soutourina et al, PLos Genetics, 2013). We will further investigate their role in the coordinated control of processes crucial for successful development of Clostridium difficile inside the host such as motility, adhesion, biofilm formation, and resistance to phage infection.

 

 

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References