Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 38196033
Lien DOI – 10.1038/s41594-023-01195-1
Nat Struct Mol Biol 2024 Jan; ():
Mitotic bookmarking transcription factors (TFs) are thought to mediate rapid and accurate reactivation after mitotic gene silencing. However, the loss of individual bookmarking TFs often leads to the deregulation of only a small proportion of their mitotic targets, raising doubts on the biological significance and importance of their bookmarking function. Here we used targeted proteomics of the mitotic bookmarking TF ESRRB, an orphan nuclear receptor, to discover a large redundancy in mitotic binding among members of the protein super-family of nuclear receptors. Focusing on the nuclear receptor NR5A2, which together with ESRRB is essential in maintaining pluripotency in mouse embryonic stem cells, we demonstrate conjoint bookmarking activity of both factors on promoters and enhancers of a large fraction of active genes, particularly those most efficiently reactivated in G1. Upon fast and simultaneous degradation of both factors during mitotic exit, hundreds of mitotic targets of ESRRB/NR5A2, including key players of the pluripotency network, display attenuated transcriptional reactivation. We propose that redundancy in mitotic bookmarking TFs, especially nuclear receptors, confers robustness to the reestablishment of gene regulatory networks after mitosis.