Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35335035
Link to DOI – 40310.3390/vaccines10030403
Vaccines (Basel) 2022 Mar; 10(3):
This review focuses on the molecular glycovaccine concept, a promising option to develop a Shigella glycoconjugate vaccine. Subsequent to original developments involving, as main vaccine component, the detoxified Shigella lipopolysaccharide randomly conjugated at multiple sites to a carrier protein, novelty stems from the use of rationally designed, well-defined chemically synthesized oligosaccharide haptens conceived as functional surrogates of the main surface antigen, linked via single-point attachment onto a carrier. The concept and design of such a fine-tuned Shigella glycovaccine are presented by way of SF2a-TT15, a neoglycoprotein featuring a synthetic 15-mer oligosaccharide, which constitutes an original vaccine prototype targeting Shigella flexneri 2a, one of the predominant circulating strains in endemic settings. The clinical testing of SF2a-TT15 is summarized with the first-in-human phase I trial in young healthy adults showing a good safety profile and tolerability, while inducing bactericidal antibodies towards S. flexneri 2a bacteria. The proof-of-concept of this novel approach being established, an ongoing phase IIa clinical study in the nine-month-old infant target population in endemic area was launched, which is also outlined. Lastly, some challenges to move forward this original approach toward a multivalent cost-effective Shigella synthetic glycan conjugate vaccine are introduced.