Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19820093
Link to DOI – 10.1128/JB.00631-09
J Bacteriol 2009 Dec; 191(24): 7531-7
The TetR-like transcriptional repressor LfrR controls the expression of the gene encoding the Mycobacterium smegmatis efflux pump LfrA, which actively extrudes fluoroquinolones, cationic dyes, and anthracyclines from the cell and promotes intrinsic antibiotic resistance. The crystal structure of the apoprotein form of the repressor reveals a structurally asymmetric homodimer exhibiting local unfolding and a blocked drug-binding site, emphasizing the significant conformational plasticity of the protein necessary for DNA and multidrug recognition. Crystallographic and calorimetric studies of LfrR-drug complexes further confirm the intrinsic flexibility of the homodimer, which provides a dynamic mechanism to broaden multidrug binding specificity and may be a general property of transcriptional repressors regulating microbial efflux pump expression.