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© Institut Pasteur
Spirochète : bactérie hélicoïdale, flexible et ondulante de longueur variable, non colorable par la coloration de Gram, très mobile (endoflagelles). Trois familles : Spirochaetaceae, Leptospiraceae, et Brachyspiraceae. Principaux genres pathogènes pour l'homme : Borrelia (Borrelia burgdorferi cause de la maladie de Lyme), Treponema (Treponema pallidum cause de la syphillis), Leptospira (Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae cause de la maladie de Weil). Image colorisée.
Publication : Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin

Pet rodents as possible risk for leptospirosis, Belgium and France, 2009 to 2016

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin - 01 Oct 2017

Mori M, Bourhy P, Le Guyader M, Van Esbroeck M, Djelouadji Z, Septfons A, Kodjo A, Picardeau M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29090679

Euro Surveill. 2017 Oct;22(43)

Leptospirosis is an under-reported and emerging zoonotic disease which is potentially fatal in humans. Rodents are the main reservoirs for pathogenic Leptospira spp., but diagnosis in these animals is difficult, and their infection, which does not induce symptoms, usually goes unoticed. Although the exposures of most human cases of leptospirosis are poorly documented, we were able to identify six human cases of leptospirosis which were associated with direct contact with pet rodents (mice or rats) in Belgium and France between 2009 and 2016. All cases had severe disease and for all, the presence of Leptospira spp. DNA in the kidneys of their pet animals was confirmed, strongly suggesting that excretion of leptospires in urine was the way of transmission. Half of the cases shared the serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae, which is usually associated with severe disease, with the pet rats which they were in contact with. With the popularity of rats and mice as pets, this study should contribute to raising awareness on asymptomatic pet rodents as a source of Leptospira infections.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29090679