Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21683076
Gastroenterology 2011 Aug;141(2):642-52, 652.e1-4
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), killed by extended freeze-drying (EFD), induces secretion of interleukin-10 and reduces lung inflammation in a mouse model of asthma. We investigated the effects of EFD BCG in mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease.
METHODS: EFD BCG was administered subcutaneously to mice with colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), oxazolone, or adoptive transfer of CD4(+)CD45RB(high)Foxp3(-) T cells from C57Bl/6 Foxp3GFP mice to RAG2(-/-) mice.
RESULTS: EFD BCG, administered either before induction of DSS and oxazolone colitis or after development of acute or chronic DSS-induced colitis, reduced symptom scores, loss of body weight, and inflammation. Although transfer of CD4(+)CD45RB(high)Foxp3(-) cells induced colitis in RAG2(-/-) mice, administration of EFD BCG at the time of the transfer converted Foxp3(-) T cells to Foxp3(+) T cells and the mice did not develop colitis. EFD BCG protected mice from colitis via a mechanism that required expansion of T regulatory cells and production of interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor β. EFD BCG activated the retinoid X receptor (RXR)-α-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ heterodimer, blocked translocation of nuclear factor κB to the nucleus, and reduced colonic inflammation; it did not increase the number of colon tumors that formed in mice with chronic DSS-induced colitis.
CONCLUSIONS: EFD BCG controls severe colitis in mice by expanding T regulatory cell populations and PPAR-γ and might be developed to treat patients with inflammatory bowel disease.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21683076