Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 36103826
Link to DOI – 10.1016/j.celrep.2022.111347
Cell Rep 2022 Sep; 40(11): 111347
Since formation of the first proto-eukaryotes, gene repertoire and genome complexity have significantly increased. Among genetic elements responsible for this increase are tandem repeats. Here we describe a genome-wide analysis of large tandem repeats, called megasatellites, in 58 vertebrate genomes. Two bursts occurred, one after the radiation between Agnatha and Gnathostomata fishes and the second one in therian mammals. Megasatellites are enriched in subtelomeric regions and frequently encoded in genes involved in transcription regulation, intracellular trafficking, and cell membrane metabolism, reminiscent of what is observed in fungus genomes. The presence of many introns within young megasatellites suggests that an exon-intron DNA segment is first duplicated and amplified before accumulation of mutations in intronic parts partially erases the megasatellite in such a way that it becomes detectable only in exons. Our results suggest that megasatellite formation and evolution is a dynamic and still ongoing process in vertebrate genomes.