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© Biologie structurale et chimie
Structure du domaine en doigt de zinc de la protéine NEMO, déterminée par Résonance magnétique nucléaire (RMN). Cette protéine jouant un rôle dans des maladies (cancer, inflammation), les connaissances acquises sur sa structure offrent de précieuses informations sur sa fonction.
Publication : Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Lack of interaction between NEMO and SHARPIN impairs linear ubiquitination and NF-κB activation and leads to incontinentia pigmenti.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - 27 Feb 2017

Bal E, Laplantine E, Hamel Y, Dubosclard V, Boisson B, Pescatore A, Picard C, Hadj-Rabia S, Royer G, Steffann J, Bonnefont JP, Ursini VM, Vabres P, Munnich A, Casanova JL, Bodemer C, Weil R, Agou F, Smahi A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28249776

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Dec;140(6):1671-1682.e2

BACKGROUND:

Incontinentia pigmenti (IP; MIM308300) is a severe, male-lethal, X-linked, dominant genodermatosis resulting from loss-of-function mutations in the IKBKG gene encoding nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) essential modulator (NEMO; the regulatory subunit of the IκB kinase [IKK] complex). In 80% of cases of IP, the deletion of exons 4 to 10 leads to the absence of NEMO and total inhibition of NF-κB signaling. Here we describe a new IKBKG mutation responsible for IP resulting in an inactive truncated form of NEMO.

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to identify the mechanism or mechanisms by which a truncated form of the NEMO protein inhibits the NF-κB signaling pathway and leads to the IP human disease.

METHODS:

We sequenced the IKBKG gene in patients with IP and performed complementation and transactivation assays in NEMO-deficient cells. We also used immunoprecipitation assays, immunoblotting, and an in situ proximity ligation assay to characterize the truncated NEMO protein interactions with IKKα, IKKβ, TNF receptor-associated factor 6, TNF receptor-associated factor 2, receptor-interacting protein 1, Hemo-oxidized iron regulatory protein 2 ligase 1 (HOIL-1), HOIL-1-interacting protein, and SHANK-associated RH domain-interacting protein. Lastly, we assessed NEMO linear ubiquitination using immunoblotting and investigated the formation of NEMO-containing structures (using immunostaining and confocal microscopy) after cell stimulation with IL-1β.

RESULTS:

We identified a novel splice mutation in IKBKG (c.518+2T>G, resulting in an in-frame deletion: p.DelQ134_R256). The mutant NEMO lacked part of the CC1 coiled-coil and HLX2 helical domain. The p.DelQ134_R256 mutation caused inhibition of NF-κB signaling, although the truncated NEMO protein interacted with proteins involved in activation of NF-κB signaling. The IL-1β-induced formation of NEMO-containing structures was impaired in fibroblasts from patients with IP carrying the truncated NEMO form (as also observed in HOIL-1-/- cells). The truncated NEMO interaction with SHANK-associated RH domain-interacting protein was impaired in a male fetus with IP, leading to defective linear ubiquitination.

CONCLUSION:

We identified a hitherto unreported disease mechanism (defective linear ubiquitination) in patients with IP.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28249776