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© Research
Publication : The Journal of clinical investigation

Inherited human c-Rel deficiency disrupts myeloid and lymphoid immunity to multiple infectious agents.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of clinical investigation - 01 Sep 2021

Lévy R, Langlais D, Béziat V, Rapaport F, Rao G, Lazarov T, Bourgey M, Zhou YJ, Briand C, Moriya K, Ailal F, Avery DT, Markle J, Lim AI, Ogishi M, Yang R, Pelham S, Emam M, Migaud M, Deswarte C, Habib T, Saraiva LR, Moussa EA, Guennoun A, Boisson B, Belkaya S, Martinez-Barricarte R, Rosain J, Belkadi A, Breton S, Payne K, Benhsaien I, Plebani A, Lougaris V, Di Santo JP, Neven B, Abel L, Ma CS, Bousfiha AA, Marr N, Bustamante J, Liu K, Gros P, Geissmann F, Tangye SG, Casanova JL, Puel A,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 34623332

Link to DOI – 10.1172/JCI150143e150143

J Clin Invest 2021 Sep; 131(17):

We studied a child with severe viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases, who was homozygous for a loss-of-function mutation of REL, encoding c-Rel, which is selectively expressed in lymphoid and myeloid cells. The patient had low frequencies of NK, effector memory cells reexpressing CD45RA (Temra) CD8+ T cells, memory CD4+ T cells, including Th1 and Th1*, Tregs, and memory B cells, whereas the counts and proportions of other leukocyte subsets were normal. Functional deficits of myeloid cells included the abolition of IL-12 and IL-23 production by conventional DC1s (cDC1s) and monocytes, but not cDC2s. c-Rel was also required for induction of CD86 expression on, and thus antigen-presenting cell function of, cDCs. Functional deficits of lymphoid cells included reduced IL-2 production by naive T cells, correlating with low proliferation and survival rates and poor production of Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines by memory CD4+ T cells. In naive CD4+ T cells, c-Rel is dispensable for early IL2 induction but contributes to later phases of IL2 expression. The patient’s naive B cells displayed impaired MYC and BCL2L1 induction, compromising B cell survival and proliferation and preventing their differentiation into Ig-secreting plasmablasts. Inherited c-Rel deficiency disrupts the development and function of multiple myeloid and lymphoid cells, compromising innate and adaptive immunity to multiple infectious agents.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34623332