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© Institut Pasteur
Structure de macromolécules : dimère d'aquométhémoglobine de cheval. Dérivé toxique oxydé de l'hémoglobine, représentant 1 à 2% du total.
Publication : Scientific reports

Identification of an in vivo orally active dual-binding protein-protein interaction inhibitor targeting TNFα through combined in silico/in vitro/in vivo screening

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Scientific reports - 13 Jun 2017

Mouhsine H, Guillemain H, Moreau G, Fourati N, Zerrouki C, Baron B, Desallais L, Gizzi P, Ben Nasr N, Perrier J, Ratsimandresy R, Spadoni JL, Do H, England P, Montes M, Zagury JF

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28611375

Sci Rep 2017 Jun;7(1):3424

TNFα is a homotrimeric pro-inflammatory cytokine, whose direct targeting by protein biotherapies has been an undeniable success for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases. Despite many efforts, no orally active drug targeting TNFα has been identified so far. In the present work, we identified through combined in silico/in vitro/in vivo approaches a TNFα direct inhibitor, compound 1, displaying nanomolar and micromolar range bindings to TNFα. Compound 1 inhibits the binding of TNFα with both its receptors TNFRI and TNFRII. Compound 1 inhibits the TNFα induced apoptosis on L929 cells and the TNFα induced NF-κB activation in HEK cells. In vivo, oral administration of compound 1 displays a significant protection in a murine TNFα-dependent hepatic shock model. This work illustrates the ability of low-cost combined in silico/in vitro/in vivo screening approaches to identify orally available small-molecules targeting challenging protein-protein interactions such as homotrimeric TNFα.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28611375