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© Uwe Maskos
Tranche d'hippocampe de souris colorée avec deux toxines spécifiques de sous-types de récepteur nicotinique, en rouge (grains), et en vert (corps cellulaires). L'hippocampe est la zone du cerveau qui gère la mémoire spatiale.
Publication : Neuron

Hierarchical control of dopamine neuron-firing patterns by nicotinic receptors

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Neuron - 15 Jun 2006

Mameli-Engvall M, Evrard A, Pons S, Maskos U, Svensson TH, Changeux JP, Faure P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16772172

Neuron 2006 Jun;50(6):911-21

Nicotine elicits dopamine release by stimulating nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) on dopaminergic neurons. However, a modulation of these neurons by endogenous acetylcholine has not been described. We recorded, in vivo, the spontaneous activity of dopaminergic neurons in the VTA of anaesthetized wt and nAChR knockout mice and their response to nicotine injections. Deleting alpha7 or beta2 subunits modified the spontaneous firing patterns, demonstrating their direct stimulation by endogenous acetylcholine. Quantitative analysis further revealed four principal modes of firing, each depending on the expression of particular nAChR subunits and presenting unique responses to nicotine. The prominent role of the beta2 subunit was further confirmed by its selective lentiviral reexpression in the VTA. These data suggest a hierarchical control of dopaminergic neuron firing patterns by nAChRs: activation of beta2*-nAChR switches cells from a resting to an excited state, whereas activation of alpha7*-nAChRs finely tunes the latter state but only once beta2*-nAChRs have been activated.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16772172