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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
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Published in Journal of bacteriology - 01 Mar 2006

Even S, Burguière P, Auger S, Soutourina O, Danchin A, Martin-Verstraete I

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16513748

J. Bacteriol. 2006 Mar;188(6):2184-97

YrzC has previously been identified as a repressor controlling ytmI expression via its regulation of YtlI activator synthesis in Bacillus subtilis. We identified YrzC as a master regulator of sulfur metabolism. Gene expression profiles of B. subtilis delta yrzC mutant and wild-type strains grown in minimal medium with sulfate as the sole sulfur source were compared. In the mutant, increased expression was observed for 24 genes previously identified as repressed in the presence of sulfate. Since several genes involved in the pathways leading to cysteine formation were found, we propose to rename YrzC CymR, for “cysteine metabolism repressor.” A CymR-dependent binding to the promoter region of the ytlI, ssuB, tcyP, yrrT, yxeK, cysK, or ydbM gene was demonstrated using gel shift experiments. A potential CymR target site, TAAWNCN2ANTWNAN3ATMGGAATTW, was found in the promoter region of these genes. In a DNase footprint experiment, the protected region in the ytlI promoter region contained this consensus sequence. Partial deletion or introduction of point mutations in this sequence confirmed its involvement in ytlI, yrrT, and yxeK regulation. The addition of O-acetylserine in gel shift experiments prevented CymR-dependent binding to DNA for all of the targets characterized. Transcriptome analysis of a delta cymR mutant and the wild-type strain also brought out significant changes in the expression level of a large set of genes related to stress response or to transition toward anaerobiosis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16513748