Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 38077953
Link to DOI – 10.3389/fncel.2023.1259712
Front Cell Neurosci 2023 ; 17(): 1259712
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have been used extensively in vitro to model early events in neurodevelopment. Because of a number of shortcomings, previous work has established a potential to use these cells in vivo after transplantation into the mouse brain. Here, we describe a systematic approach for the analysis of transplanted hiPSC-derived neurons and glial cells over time in the mouse brain. Using functional two-photon imaging of GCaMP6f- expressing human neural cells, we define and quantify the embryonic-like features of their spontaneous activity. This is substantiated by detailed electron microscopy (EM) of the graft. We relate this to the synaptic development the neurons undergo up to 7 months in vivo. This system can now be used further for the genetic or experimental manipulation of developing hiPSC-derived cells addressing neurodevelopmental diseases like schizophrenia or Autism Spectrum Disorder.