Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35347070
Link to DOI – 10.1261/rna.079073.121
RNA 2022 06; 28(6): 786-795
Regulation of RNA abundance and localization is a key step in gene expression control. Single-molecule RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (smFISH) is a widely used single-cell-single-molecule imaging technique enabling quantitative studies of gene expression and its regulatory mechanisms. Today, these methods are applicable at a large scale, which in turn come with a need for adequate tools for data analysis and exploration. Here, we present FISH-quant v2, a highly modular tool accessible for both experts and non-experts. Our user-friendly package allows the user to segment nuclei and cells, detect isolated RNAs, decompose dense RNA clusters, quantify RNA localization patterns and visualize these results both at the single-cell level and variations within the cell population. This tool was validated and applied on large-scale smFISH image data sets, revealing diverse subcellular RNA localization patterns and a surprisingly high degree of cell-to-cell heterogeneity.