Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21159878
J. Virol. 2011 Mar;85(5):2458-62
We sought to examine ADAR-1 editing of measles and influenza virus genomes derived from inactivated seasonal influenza and live attenuated measles virus vaccines grown on chicken cells as the culture substrate. Using highly sensitive 3DI-PCR (R. Suspène et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 36:e72, 2008), it was possible to show that ADAR-1 could hyperdeaminate adenosine residues in both measles virus and influenza virus A genomes. Detailed analysis of the dinucleotide editing context showed preferences for 5’ArA and 5’UrA, which is typical of editing in mammalian cells. The hyperedited mutant frequency, including genomes and antigenomes, was a log greater for influenza virus compared to measles virus, suggesting a greater sensitivity to restriction by ADAR-1.