Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31471458
J. Cell Biol. 2019 Aug;218(10):3258-71
Actin dynamics is central for cells, and especially for the fast-moving leukocytes. The severing of actin filaments is mainly achieved by cofilin, assisted by Aip1/Wdr1 and coronins. We found that in Wdr1-deficient zebrafish embryos, neutrophils display F-actin cytoplasmic aggregates and a complete spatial uncoupling of phospho-myosin from F-actin. They then undergo an unprecedented gradual disorganization of their nucleus followed by eruptive cell death. Their cofilin is mostly unphosphorylated and associated with F-actin, thus likely outcompeting myosin for F-actin binding. Myosin inhibition reproduces in WT embryos the nuclear instability and eruptive death of neutrophils seen in Wdr1-deficient embryos. Strikingly, depletion of the main coronin of leukocytes, coronin 1A, fully restores the cortical location of F-actin, nuclear integrity, viability, and mobility of Wdr1-deficient neutrophils in vivo. Our study points to an essential role of actomyosin contractility in maintaining the integrity of the nucleus of neutrophils and a new twist in the interplay of cofilin, Wdr1, and coronin in regulating F-actin dynamics.