Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35834299
Link to DOI – 10.1099/ijsem.0.005450
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2022 Jul; 72(7):
A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic and endospore-forming bacterial strain, isolated from the root surface of maize (Zea mays) was taxonomically studied. It could be clearly shown that, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity comparisons, strain JJ-63T is a member of the genus Bacillus, most closely related to the type strain of Bacillus pseudomycoides (98.61%), followed by Bacillus cereus (98.47 %). Detailed phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and the 87 proteins conserved within the phylum Firmicutes placed the strain into the Cereus clade. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values against the type strain of B. pseudomycoides were 80.97, 81.45 and 26.30 %, respectively. The quinone system of strain JJ-63T consisted exclusively of menaquinone MK-7. The polar lipid profile consisted of the major components diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified glycolipid. Major fatty acids were iso- and anteiso-branched with the major compounds iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0. Also, the characteristic compounds C13 : 0 iso and C16 : 1 cis10 were found. Physiological and biochemical characteristics allowed a further phenotypic differentiation of strain JJ-63T from the most closely related species. For this reason, JJ-63T represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus rhizoplanae sp. nov. is proposed, with JJ-63T (=LMG 32091T=CCM 9090T=DSM 111827T= CIP 111899T) as the type strain.