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© Christelle Durand
Microscopie d'un neurone. Le marquage jaune montre les synapses.
Publication : Journal of neurochemistry

Antioxidant enzymes and related trace elements in aging brain capillaries and choroid plexus

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of neurochemistry - 01 Sep 1989

Tayarani I, Cloëz I, Clément M, Bourre JM

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 2760621

J. Neurochem. 1989 Sep;53(3):817-24

The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and catalase were measured in isolated brain capillaries, choroid plexus, cerebrum, and cerebellum from rats of 2, 6, 12, and 24 months. The contents of copper, zinc, and manganese were determined in capillaries, cerebrum, and cerebellum, and the profile of fatty acids was studied in brain capillaries. In brain capillaries, the activities of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase did not change with age. The activities of the two enzymes increased in cerebrum and cerebellum. In choroid plexus, glutathione peroxidase activity increased, but glutathione reductase activity remained unchanged. Catalase activity in brain capillaries declined, whereas in choroid plexus, cerebrum, and cerebellum, it did not change. The activities of the three enzymes were significantly higher in brain capillaries and choroid plexus than in cerebrum and cerebellum. SOD activity increased in the four tissues. Copper content in the capillaries increased initially and then levelled off, whereas it continued to increase in cerebrum and cerebellum. Zinc increased in brain capillaries, but did not vary in cerebrum and cerebellum. Manganese content remained constant in all tissues studied. The percent of saturated fatty acids in brain capillaries did not change with age, whereas those of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids increased and decreased, respectively. The possibility that a deficiency of enzymes protective against free radicals causes blood-brain barrier and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier degeneration is ruled out.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2760621