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© Research
Publication : Nature communications

Analysis of diverse eukaryotes suggests the existence of an ancestral mitochondrial apparatus derived from the bacterial type II secretion system.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Nature communications - 19 May 2021

Horváthová L, Žárský V, Pánek T, Derelle R, Pyrih J, Motyčková A, Klápšťová V, Vinopalová M, Marková L, Voleman L, Klimeš V, Petrů M, Vaitová Z, Čepička I, Hryzáková K, Harant K, Gray MW, Chami M, Guilvout I, Francetic O, Franz Lang B, Vlček Č, Tsaousis AD, Eliáš M, Doležal P,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 34011950

Link to DOI – 10.1038/s41467-021-23046-7

Nat Commun 2021 05; 12(1): 2947

The type 2 secretion system (T2SS) is present in some Gram-negative eubacteria and used to secrete proteins across the outer membrane. Here we report that certain representative heteroloboseans, jakobids, malawimonads and hemimastigotes unexpectedly possess homologues of core T2SS components. We show that at least some of them are present in mitochondria, and their behaviour in biochemical assays is consistent with the presence of a mitochondrial T2SS-derived system (miT2SS). We additionally identified 23 protein families co-occurring with miT2SS in eukaryotes. Seven of these proteins could be directly linked to the core miT2SS by functional data and/or sequence features, whereas others may represent different parts of a broader functional pathway, possibly also involving the peroxisome. Its distribution in eukaryotes and phylogenetic evidence together indicate that the miT2SS-centred pathway is an ancestral eukaryotic trait. Our findings thus have direct implications for the functional properties of the early mitochondrion.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34011950