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© Institut Pasteur
Corne d'Ammon (ou hippocampe) de renard atteint de rage sauvage. Coloration avec un conjugué fluorescent sur la nucléocapside du virus.
Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in EMBO molecular medicine - 18 Sep 2020

de Melo GD, Sonthonnax F, Lepousez G, Jouvion G, Minola A, Zatta F, Larrous F, Kergoat L, Mazo C, Moigneu C, Aiello R, Salomoni A, Brisebard E, De Benedictis P, Corti D, Bourhy H,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32945125

Link to DOI [DOI] – 10.15252/emmm.202012628

EMBO Mol Med 2020 Sep; (): e12628

Rabies is a neglected disease caused by a neurotropic Lyssavirus, transmitted to humans predominantly by the bite of infected dogs. Rabies is preventable with vaccines or proper post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), but it still causes about 60,000 deaths every year. No cure exists after the onset of clinical signs, and the case-fatality rate approaches 100% even with advanced supportive care. Here, we report that a combination of two potent neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies directed against the viral envelope glycoprotein cures symptomatic rabid mice. Treatment efficacy requires the concomitant administration of antibodies in the periphery and in the central nervous system through intracerebroventricular infusion. After such treatment, recovered mice presented good clinical condition, viral loads were undetectable, and the brain inflammatory profile was almost normal. Our findings provide the unprecedented proof of concept of an antibody-based therapeutic approach for symptomatic rabies.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32945125