Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 22682003
FEBS J. 2013 Jan;280(2):388-400
Reversible protein phosphorylation plays a pivotal role in intercellular communication. Together with protein tyrosine kinases, protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are involved in the regulation of key cellular processes by controlling the phosphorylation levels of diverse effectors. Among PTPs, receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) are involved in important developmental processes, particularly in the formation of the nervous system. Until recently, few ligands had been identified for RPTPs, making it difficult to grasp the effects these receptors have on cellular processes, as well as the mechanisms through which their functions are mediated. However, several potential RPTP ligands have now been identified to provide us with unparalleled insights into RPTP function. In this review, we focus on the nature and biological outcomes of these extracellular interactions between RPTPs and their associated ligands.