Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21683973
Virology 2011 Aug;417(1):147-53
Susceptibility of inbred strains to infection with West Nile virus (WNV) has been genetically associated with an arginine-to-a nonsense codon substitution at position 253 (R253X) in the predicted sequence of the murine 2′,5′-oligoadenylate synthetase 1B (OAS1B) protein. We introduced by transgenesis the Oas1b cDNA from MBT/Pas mice carrying the R253 codon (Oas1b(MBT)) into BALB/c mice homozygous for the X253 allele (Oas1b(BALB/c)). Overexpression of Oas1b(MBT) mRNA in the brain of transgenic mice prior and in the time course of infection provided protection against the neuroinvasive WNV strain IS-98-ST1. A 200-fold induction of Oas1b(MBT) mRNA in the brain of congenic BALB/c mice homozygous for a MBT/Pas segment encompassing the Oas1b gene was also efficient in reducing both viral growth and mortality, whereas a 200-fold induction of Oas1b(BALB/c) mRNA was unable to prevent virally-induced encephalitis, confirming the critical role of the R253X mutation on Oas1b activity in live mice.