Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12663667
J. Biol. Chem. 2003 Jun;278(23):20555-64
We reported previously that bone marrow granulocytes respond to small amounts of enterobacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via a CD14-independent and TLR4-mediated mechanism by de novo expression of an inducible receptor (CD14) and by down-modulation of a constitutive receptor (L-selectin). In this report we address another effect of LPS: the down-regulation of receptors for tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In mouse bone marrow cells (BMC), this down-regulation is detectable soon (20 min) after exposure of the cells to low levels (0.5 ng/ml) of LPS. This temperature-dependent effect is rather selective for LPS and requires the presence of a conventional lipid A structure in the LPS molecule and a functional TLR4 molecule in the cells. The down-modulation, due to a shedding of the receptors, is blocked by p38 MAPK inhibitors, by a furin inhibitor, and by three metalloproteinase inhibitors (BB-3103, TIMP-2, and TIMP-3). In contrast, inhibitors of MEK, protein kinase C, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, and kinases of the Src family do not block the shedding. Analysis of BMC from mice lacking tumor necrosis factor receptor-1 (CD120a-/-) or tumor necrosis factor receptor-2 (CD120b-/-) indicates that the LPS-induced shedding is specific for CD120b. Thus, exposure of BMC to LPS triggers a rapid shedding of CD120b via a protein kinase C- and Src-independent pathway mediated by p38 MAPK, furin, and metalloproteinase. The additive effects of furin and metalloproteinase inhibitors suggest that these enzymes are involved in parallel shedding pathways.