Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29742433
Link to DOI – S2211-1247(18)30542-410.1016/j.celrep.2018.04.013
Cell Rep 2018 05; 23(6): 1779-1793
Dengue virus (DENV) is a major human pathogen causing millions of infections yearly. Despite intensive investigations, a DENV receptor that directly participates in virus internalization has not yet been characterized. Here, we report that the phosphatidylserine receptor TIM-1 is an authentic DENV entry receptor that plays an active role in virus endocytosis. Genetic ablation of TIM-1 strongly impaired DENV infection. Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy analyses of live infected cells show that TIM-1 is mostly confined in clathrin-coated pits and is co-internalized with DENV during viral entry. TIM-1 is ubiquitinated at two lysine residues of its cytoplasmic domain, and this modification is required for DENV endocytosis. Furthermore, STAM-1, a component of the ESCRT-0 complex involved in intracellular trafficking of ubiquitinated cargos, interacts with TIM-1 and is required for DENV infection. Overall, our results show that TIM-1 is the first bona fide receptor identified for DENV.