Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 36512896
Link to DOI – 10.1016/j.coviro.2022.101290S1879-6257(22)00101-8
Curr Opin Virol 2022 Dec; 58(): 101290
Multi-drug-resistant bacteria are associated with significantly higher morbidity and mortality. The possibilities for discovering new antibiotics are limited, but phage therapy – the use of bacteriophages (viruses infecting bacteria) to cure infections – is now being investigated as an alternative or complementary treatment to antibiotics. However, one of the major limitations of this approach lies in the antagonistic coevolution between bacteria and bacteriophages, which determines the ultimate success or failure of phage therapy. Here, we review the possible influence of the animal host on phage resistance and its consequences for the efficacy of phage therapy. We also discuss the value of in vitro assays for anticipating the dynamics of phage resistance observed in vivo.