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© Research
Publication : The Journal of general virology

A replication defect of pseudorabies virus induced by targeted α-helix distortion in the syntaxin-like bundle of glycoprotein H (V275P) is corrected by an adjacent compensatory mutation (V271A).

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of general virology - 23 Apr 2015

Böhm SW, Backovic M, Klupp BG, Rey FA, Mettenleiter TC, Fuchs W,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25908778

Link to DOI – 10.1099/vir.0.000161

J Gen Virol 2015 Aug; 96(8): 2349-2354

Glycoprotein gH is essential for herpesvirus-induced membrane fusion during entry and cell-to-cell spread. Structural analyses of gH homologues revealed a conserved syntaxin-like bundle motif composed of three α-helices. Previous studies showed that targeted disruption of any of these helices strongly impaired maturation, cell surface expression and fusion activity of pseudorabies virus gH, as well as formation and spread of infectious virus. After passaging of one corresponding mutant (pPrV-gH-V275P) these replication defects were widely corrected by an adjacent spontaneous amino acid substitution (V271A). Although the doubly mutated gH was still non-functional in fusion assays, its targeted reinsertion into the cloned virus genome (pPrV-gH-V275P-V271A) led to a 200-fold increase in plaque sizes and 10,000-fold higher virus titres, compared with pPrV-gH-V275P. Thus, our results demonstrate that structural requirements for gH function in in vitro assays and virus replication are different, and that minor amounts of mature gH in virions are sufficient for productive replication.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25908778