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© Research
Publication : Cellular signalling

The N-terminus of PKR is responsible for the activation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway by interacting with the IKK complex

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cellular signalling - 28 Feb 2006

Bonnet MC, Daurat C, Ottone C, Meurs EF

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16600570

Cell. Signal. 2006 Nov;18(11):1865-75

The interferon-induced double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-activated protein kinase (PKR) has been shown to activate NF-kappaB independently of its kinase function after interaction with the IKK complex. In order to investigate the mechanism of NF-kappaB activation by PKR, we identified the domain of PKR responsible for stimulating the NF-kappaB pathway in PKR-deficient fibroblasts using an NF-kappaB dependent reporter assay. The N-terminal 1-265 AA of PKR activates NF-kappaB, whereas the 1-180 AA N-terminus restricted to the two dsRNA Binding Domains (DRBD), the third basic domain alone (AA 181-265), or the C-terminus of PKR (AA 266-550) were unable to stimulate the expression of the NF-kappaB dependent reporter gene. Using confocal microscopy, we confirmed that PKR full length as well as PKR N-terminus colocalized with IKKbeta. By GST-pulldown analysis, using different PKR domains, we then revealed the specific ability of the PKR N-terminus 1-265 to bind to and activate IKK and showed that this activation requires the integrity of the IKK complex. This activation is not only due to DRBDs since the DRBD fragment 1-180 failed to inhibit PKR 1-265 induced NF-kappaB activation. Our results therefore demonstrate that the ability of PKR to mediate NF-kappaB activation resides in its full N-terminus, and requires both DRBDs and the third basic domain.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16600570