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© Valérie Choumet
Mosquitoes were orally infected with the chikungunya virus. Midguts were dissected at day 5 post-infection, fixed and permeabilised. Virus is shown in red (anti-E2 protein, cyanine 3), the actin network in green (phalloidin 548) and nuclei in blue (DAPI).
Publication : Carbohydrate research

Synthesis of tri- and tetrasaccharide fragments of the Shigella dysenteriae type 1 O-antigen deoxygenated and fluorinated at position 3 of the methyl alpha-D-galactopyranoside terminus

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Carbohydrate research - 01 Sep 1998

Mulard LA, Glaudemans CP

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9825517

Carbohydr. Res. 1998 Sep;311(3):121-33

The blockwise synthesis of methyl alpha tri- and tetrasaccharide analogs of the biochemical repeating unit of the Shigella dysenteriae type 1 O-polysaccharide is described. Modifications include deoxygenation and deoxyfluorination at position 3 of the galactopyranoside residue. Methyl 4,6-O-benzylidene-3-deoxy-alpha-D-xylo-hexopyranoside (8) and methyl 4,6-O-benzylidene-3-deoxy-3-fluoro-alpha-D-galactopyranoside (9) were condensed with (2,3,4-tri-O-benzoyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-(1–>3) -2,4-di-O-benzoyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl chloride to give, after deprotection, the target trisaccharide methyl alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1–>3)-alpha-L- rhamnopyranosyl-(1–>2)-3-deoxy-alpha-D-xylo-hexopyranoside and the corresponding fluorinated oligosaccharide. For the tetrasaccharide synthesis, the glycosyl acceptors 8 and 9 were condensed with the temporarily protected (2,4-di-O-benzoyl-3-O-chloroacetyl-alpha-L- rhamnopyranosyl)-(1–>3)-2,4-di-O-benzoyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl chloride. Removal of the chloroacetyl group was followed by condensation of the resulting selectively deblocked trisaccharides with 3,4,6-tri-O-acetyl-2-azido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl chloride. Reduction and deprotection then gave the free methyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy- alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1–>3)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl- (1–>3)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1–>2)-3-deoxy-alpha-D-xylo-hexopyra noside and the fluorinated analog.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9825517