Methods Mol. Biol. 2019, 1973, 1-13
Chemical modification of nucleic acids can be achieved by the enzymatic polymerization of modified nucleoside triphosphates (dN*TPs). This approach obviates some of the requirements and drawbacks imposed by the more traditional solid-phase synthesis of oligonucleotides.
Here, we describe the protocol that is necessary to synthesize dN*TPs and evaluate their substrate acceptance by polymerases for their subsequent use in various applications including selection experiments to identify aptamers. The protocol is exemplified for a sugar-constrained nucleoside analog, 7ˈ,5ˈ-bc-TTP.