Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20133676
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010 Feb;107(8):3675-80
In vitro studies have revealed that T cell activation occurs during the formation of either dynamic or stable interactions with antigen-presenting cells (APC), and the respective cell junctions have been referred to as immunological kinapses and synapses. However, the relevance and molecular dynamics of kinapses and synapses remain to be established in vivo. Using two-photon imaging, we tracked the distribution of LAT-EGFP molecules during antigen recognition by activated CD4(+) T cells in lymph nodes. At steady state, LAT-EGFP molecules were preferentially found at the uropod of rapidly migrating T cells. In contrast to naïve T cells that fully stopped upon systemic antigen delivery, recently activated T cells decelerated and formed kinapses, characterized by continuous extension of membrane protrusions and by the absence of persistent LAT-EGFP clustering. On the other hand, activated CD4(+) T cells formed stable immunological synapses with antigen-loaded B cells and displayed sustained accumulation of LAT-EGFP fluorescence at the contact zone. Our results show that the state of T cell activation and the type of APC largely influence T cell-APC contact dynamics in lymph nodes. Furthermore, we provide a dynamic look at immunological kinapses and synapses in lymph nodes and suggest the existence of distinct patterns of LAT redistribution during antigen recognition.