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© Research
Publication : Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Staphylococcus aureus Adenosine Inhibits sPLA2-IIA-Mediated Host Killing in the Airways

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) - 22 Apr 2015

Pernet E, Brunet J, Guillemot L, Chignard M, Touqui L, Wu Y

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25904549

J. Immunol. 2015 Jun;194(11):5312-9

Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of bacterial infections in respiratory diseases. It secretes molecules to dampen host immunity, and the recently identified adenosine is one of these molecules. The type IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) is a host protein endowed with antibacterial properties, especially against Gram-positive bacteria such as S. aureus. However, the role of adenosine in sPLA2-IIA-mediated S. aureus killing by host is still unknown. The present studies showed that the S. aureus mutant lacking adenosine production (∆adsA strain) increased sPLA2-IIA expression in guinea pig airways and was cleared more efficiently, compared with the wild-type strain. S. aureus ∆adsA strain induced sPLA2-IIA expression by alveolar macrophages after phagocytic process via NOD2-NF-κB-dependent mechanism. However, S. aureus adenosine (wild-type and adsA-complemented strains) and exogenous adenosine downregulated S. aureus phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages, leading to inhibition of sPLA2-IIA expression. This occurred through inhibition of p38 phosphorylation via adenosine receptors A2a-, A2b-, and protein kinase A-dependent pathways. Taken together, our studies suggest that, in the airway, S. aureus escapes sPLA2-IIA-mediated killing through adenosine-mediated inhibition of phagocytosis and sPLA2-IIA expression.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25904549