Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22206869
Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2012 Jan;20(2):819-31
The interesting pharmacological properties of neoboutomellerones 1 and 2 were the basis for the assembly of a small library of analogues consisting of natural products isolated from the plant Neoboutonia melleri and of semisynthetic derivatives. As the two enone systems (C23-C24a and C1-C3) and the two hydroxyls groups (C22 and C26) of neoboutomellerones are required for activity, modifications were focused on these functional groups. Biological evaluation by using a cellular assay for proteasome activity provided clues regarding the mechanism of action of these natural products and synthetic derivatives. Certain neoboutomellerone derivatives inhibited the proliferation of human WM-266-4 melanoma tumor cells at submicromolar concentration and warrant evaluation as anticancer agents.