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© Research
Publication : Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH

Anaemia during pregnancy: impact on birth outcome and infant haemoglobin level during the first 18 months of life

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH - 07 Dec 2011

Koura GK, Ouedraogo S, Le Port A, Watier L, Cottrell G, Guerra J, Choudat I, Rachas A, Bouscaillou J, Massougbodji A, Garcia A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22146105

Trop. Med. Int. Health 2012 Mar;17(3):283-91

To determine the effect of maternal anaemia on pregnancy outcome and describe its impact on infant haemoglobin level in the first 18 months of life, we conducted a prospective study of 617 pregnant women and their children in Benin. Prevalence of maternal anaemia at delivery was 39.5%, and 61.1% of newborns were anaemic at birth. Maternal anaemia was not associated with low birth weight [OR = 1.2 (0.6-2.2)] or preterm birth [OR = 1.3 (0.7-2.4)], whereas the newborn’s anaemia was related to maternal anaemia [OR = 1.8 (1.2-2.5)]. There was no association between an infant’s haemoglobin level until 18 months and maternal anaemia. However, malaria attacks during follow-up, male gender and sickle cell trait were all associated with a lower infant haemoglobin level until 18 months, whereas good infant feeding practices and a polygamous family were positively associated with a higher haemoglobin level during the first 18 months of life.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22146105