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© Charles Dauguet
Virus VIH-1 (HIV-1), agent du sida, à la surface d'un lymphocyte. Image colorisée.
Publication : The Journal of infectious diseases

Selection of maternal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 variants in human placenta. European Network for In Utero Transmission of HIV-1

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of infectious diseases - 01 Jan 1999

Menu E, Mbopi-Keou FX, Lagaye S, Pissard S, Mauclère P, Scarlatti G, Martin J, Goossens M, Chaouat G, Barré-Sinoussi F, M'bopi Kéou FX

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9841821

J. Infect. Dis. 1999 Jan;179(1):44-51

To determine the mechanisms by which human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) crosses the placenta into the fetal blood, 12 matched samples of serial maternal blood, term placentas, and infant blood obtained from a cohort of pregnant women in Cameroon identified as predominantly infected by subtype A viruses were studied. HIV-1 env sequences were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in both chorionic villi and enriched trophoblastic cells of all 12 placentas but at variable rates of detection. Heteroduplex mobility assay analysis showed the presence of multiple HIV-1 env quasispecies in sequential maternal peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples, but only a small number of env variants were found in chorionic villi and enriched trophoblastic cells. These data indicate that HIV-1 env sequences are always present in term placentas of seropositive women, contrasting with the low frequency at which infection is diagnosed by PCR in neonates with tat, gag, and env primers. Maternal HIV-1 variants appear to undergo a strong negative selection by different cell populations within the placental villi.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9841821