Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Research
Publication : Infection and immunity

Role of gamma interferon and tumor necrosis factor alpha during T-cell-independent and -dependent phases of Mycobacterium avium infection

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Infection and immunity - 01 Sep 1994

Appelberg R, Castro AG, Pedrosa J, Silva RA, Orme IM, Minóprio P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 8063414

Infect. Immun. 1994 Sep;62(9):3962-71

To design an effective immunotherapy for Mycobacterium avium infections, the protective host response to the infection must be known. Here we analyzed the role of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in the innate and acquired responses to M. avium infections in mice. T-cell depletion studies showed that CD4+ T cells were required for control of the infection. CD(4+)-depleted mice showed enhanced bacterial proliferation and at the same time showed a reduction in the level of expression of both IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha mRNAs in spleen cells. In contrast, M. bovis BCG immunization restricted M. avium proliferation and at the same time promoted expression of the mRNAs for the two cytokines. In vivo depletion studies using specific monoclonal antibodies showed that both IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha are involved in an early protection possibly involving NK cells, and furthermore, IFN-gamma is involved in the later T-cell-protective response to infection. In vivo neutralization of IFN-gamma during M. avium infection also blocked the priming for enhanced TNF-alpha secretion triggered by endotoxin. Both cytokines were found to be involved in the resistance expressed in BCG-immunized animals and exhibited additive bacteriostatic effects in vitro on bone marrow-derived macrophages infected with different strains of M. avium. These data suggest that both cytokines act in an additive or synergistic fashion in the induction of bacteriostasis and that IFN-gamma is also involved in priming TNF-alpha secretion.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8063414