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© Carmen Buchrieser, Marie-Christine Prevost
Legionella pneumophila et son flagelle, bactérie responsable de pneumopathie aigue grave. Bactérie de l'environnement , l'émergence récente de cette maladie s'explique par son affinité pour les systèmes modernes d'alimentation en eau comme les tours de refroidissement. Image colorisée.
Publication : Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Rapid up-regulation of IRAK-M expression following a second endotoxin challenge in human monocytes and in monocytes isolated from septic patients

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Biochemical and biophysical research communications - 14 Nov 2003

Escoll P, del Fresno C, García L, Vallés G, Lendínez MJ, Arnalich F, López-Collazo E

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 14592437

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2003 Nov;311(2):465-72

The exposure of human monocytes to the gram-negative endotoxin LPS provokes them to enter a transient state in which they are refractory to further stimulation by LPS. This phenomenon is known as ‘endotoxin tolerance’ (ET) and it is characterized by a decrease in leukocyte proinflammatory cytokine production in response to LPS. In the present study, we have analyzed the expression of IRAK-M mRNA and protein in a human model of ET using human monocytes isolated from peripheral blood. In these monocyte cultures, IRAK-M mRNA was expressed 6h after stimulation with different doses of LPS. However, endotoxin pretreatment induced a more immediate up-regulation of IRAK-M gene expression, transcripts appearing only one hour after a second LPS-challenge, and the production of high levels of IRAK-M protein in these tolerant monocytes. We also analyzed the response of monocytes isolated from septic patients within a temporal tolerance timeframe when stimulated ex vivo with LPS. In contrast to monocytes from healthy volunteers and patients outside of the tolerance timeframe, monocytes from septic patients rapidly expressed IRAK-M mRNA when stimulated with LPS ex vivo. Moreover, the expression of IRAK-M mRNA was more rapidly induced in the presence of a PI3K inhibitor, suggesting a connection between these two kinases. Thus, our data indicate that IRAK-M could play a pivotal role in the process of ET in human monocytes and provide evidence that PI3K is involved in regulating its expression.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14592437