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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : Journal of molecular biology

Phosphorylation of either crh or HPr mediates binding of CcpA to the bacillus subtilis xyn cre and catabolite repression of the xyn operon

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of molecular biology - 19 Feb 1999

Galinier A, Deutscher J, Martin-Verstraete I

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9973552

J. Mol. Biol. 1999 Feb;286(2):307-14

Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) of several Bacillus subtilis catabolic genes is mediated by ATP-dependent phosphorylation of Ser46 of the histidine-containing protein (HPr), a phosphocarrier protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP): sugar phosphotransferase system. A recently discovered HPr-like protein of B. subtilis, Crh, cannot be phosphorylated by PEP and enzyme I but becomes phosphorylated at Ser46 by the ATP-dependent, metabolite-activated HPr kinase. Genetic data suggested that Crh is also implicated in CCR. We here demonstrate that in a ptsH1 crh1 mutant, in which Ser46 of both HPr and Crh is replaced with an alanyl residue, expression of the beta-xylosidase-encoding xynB gene was completely relieved from CCR. No effect on CCR could be observed in strains carrying the crh1 allele, suggesting that under the experimental conditions P-Ser-HPr can substitute for P-Ser-Crh in CCR. By contrast, a ptsH1 mutant was slightly relieved from CCR of xynB, indicating that P-Ser-Crh can substitute only partly for P-Ser-HPr. Mapping experiments allowed us to identify the xyn promoter and a catabolite responsive element (cre) located 229 bp downstream of the transcription start point. Using DNase I footprinting experiments, we could demonstrate that similar to P-Ser-HPr, P-Ser-Crh stimulates binding of CcpA to the xyn cre. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate was found to strongly enhance binding of the P-Ser-HPr/CcpA and P-Ser-Crh/CcpA complexes to the xyn cre, but had no effect on binding of CcpA alone.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9973552